Simon Fokke: The Bread and Cheese rebellion of 1491-92 in Haarlem (1750)

(Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands)

The Bread and Cheese rebellion was an uprising of people from Kennemerland and West-Friesland in Holland in the year 1491-1492. The main reasons for the rebellion were a taxraise and an economic crisis. The rebels attacked several cities and killed the bailiff of Kennemerland, Claes van Ruyven (his death is depicted on the right). In the end the army was called in and defeated the rebels. The name "bread and cheese rebellion" comes from the emblems on the rebel banners . Etching from 1750.