Skip to main content



Jacob Kallenberg: Arms of the German nation of the Holy Roman Empire (1545)

(Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich, Germany)
Eight colored woodcuts made by the Swiss artist Jacob Kallenberg (active 1535–1565). These eight pages come from the book "Wapen des Heyligen Römischen Reichs Teutscher Nation" or "Arms of the German nation of the Holy Roman Empire". This book is an armorial which depicts the coats-of-arms of the various states within the Holy Roman Empire. The Holy Roman Empire was a large empire which existed from A.D. 962 to its dissolution in 1806. The empire was an elective monarchy and never was a unified state. Instead it was composed of hundreds of sub-units: kingdoms, principalities, duchies, counties, prince-bishoprics, Free Imperial Cities, and other domains. The power of the emperor was limited, and while the various princes, lords, bishops, and cities of the empire were vassals who owed the emperor their allegiance, they also possessed an extent of privileges that gave them de facto independence within their territories. Th…

Latest Posts

Pieter van der Heyden: The donkey at school (1557)

Vittore Carpaccio:The Meditation on the Passion (1490)

Monogrammist LCZ: The temptation of Christ (1491 - 1500)

Petrus Christus: Portrait of a Young Woman (1470)

Pieter Nolpe: Staircase of the Ages of Man (1642 - 1665)

Thérèse Schwartze: Portrait of Aleida van Ogtrop-Hanlo with her five children (1906)

Cornelis Galle I: Hunting ducks (1594 - 1598)

Cornelis Ketel: portrait of Richard Goodricke of Ribston hall (1578)

Monogrammist MH: An owl dressed as a soldier and a pilgrim (1500 - 1549)

Pontormo: Portrait of a Halberdier (1520-30)

Francisco de Zurbarán: Agnus dei (1635-40)

Michael Wolgemut: Danse Macabre (1493)

anonymous: The baptism of Clovis I and the battle of Tolbiac (1488 - 1538)

Sofonisba Anguissola: Self-portrait (1554)

Suzuki Harunobu: Lovers Walking in the Snow (1764–72)

Jacopo Bassano and workshop: The Purification of the Temple (1580)

Anonymous: Floskaartjes (1704 - 1757)

Monogrammist MZ: The grand ball (1500)

Richard-Karl Karlovič Zommer: Samarkand (19th/ 20th century)

William Larkin: Portrait of Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset (1613)

Joseph Ducreux: Self-portrait of the artist in the guise of a mocker (1793)

Hans Muelich: Portrait of Pankraz von Freyberg zu Hohenaschau (1545)

El Greco: The Dream of Philip II/ The adoration of the name of Jesus (1577-80)

Anonymous: The Narmer Palette (3200-3000 BC)

Gustave Doré: The Raven (1884)

Ludwig Sussmann-Hellborn: Sleeping Beauty (1878)

Thutmose: The Berlin head of Nefertiti (1345 B.C.)

Jan van Kessel (I): Masques made with seashells (17th century)

Anonymous: The Divine Triad (A.D. 1st century)

Ernst Haeckel: Kunstformen der Natur, Trochilidae (1904)

Anonymous: Codex Manesse, folio 13r (1305-1340)

Hendrick Heerschop: Erichthonius found by the daughters of Cecrops (1650 - 1672)

Anonymous: The Fécamp Psalter, folio 28v&29r (1173 - 1223)

Loyset Liedet: The Battle of Sluys, 13 June 1340 (1470)

Adriaen Coenen: Fish Book (1577-1581)

Peter Paul Rubens: Portrait of Nicolas Trigault (1617)

Anonymous: The Triumph of Fame over Death (1500-1530)

Anonymous: The Egmond Gospels, folio 214v and 215r (9th-10th century)

Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael: A winter landscape (1665)

Villard de Honnecourt: The sketchbook of Villard de Honnecourt (1225-1235)

Dirck Volckertsz. Coornhert: Nobody can serve two masters (1556)

Bartholomäus Bruyn the Elder: Mary with saint and Dorothea (1515-1520)

Anonymous: Worksop Bestiary, fols. 38v–39r (1185)

Anonymous: The Crusader Bible - folio 23v (1240-1250)