Andreas Vesalius: De corporis humani fabrica libri septem, page 174 (1534)
This is a drawing from the famous "De corporis humani fabrica libri septem" or "On the fabric of the human body in seven books", a set of books about the human anatomy. The book was written by the Dutch Andries van Wesel (although he used the latinized form "Andreas Vesalius" of his name, using a latinized form of your name was a common practice among scholars in his time). Andreas Vesalius orginally studied at the university of Leuven but moved to the University of Padua to complete his studies. In Padua he started to dissect the corpses of hanged criminals and made these woodcut engravings for his book. The book describes the human anatomy of the bones, veins, organs, brain etc. in great detail and is the first modern book on this subject. The book was written in Latin (common for a subject like this) and Andreas also used Latin for the different names of the parts of the human body, a practice which we still use today. This engraving shows the muscles of the human body. Engraving from 1534.